Minimum HSC Standard
From 2020 students in NSW must reach the minimum standard of literacy and numeracy to be eligible for the HSC.
There will be multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate the standard between Year 9 and when they complete their HSC.
Set for success in everyday life
The standard is mapped against the Australian Core Skills Framework (ACSF) Level 3, a nationally agreed standard of functional literacy and numeracy.
The minimum standard is part of a broader NSW Government strategy to support students to succeed in life and work. The minimum standard complements a new cross-sectoral, statewide strategy to boost literacy and numeracy.
Students at risk of not demonstrating the standard will be identified early and supported to improve their reading, writing and numeracy skills.
Multiple opportunities to pass
Students can demonstrate they meet the standard by passing the online reading, writing and numeracy tests, which will be available for students to sit in:
- Year 10
- Year 11
- Year 12
- for up to five years after beginning their first HSC courses.
Students can access a demonstration test to find out the level of skills required for these tests.
Students will have the first opportunity to prove they meet the standard by achieving Band 8 results or above in Year 9 NAPLAN reading, writing and numeracy tests. Students who achieve Band 8 will not need to sit the online tests later in years 10, 11 and 12.
No student will be ineligible to sit for the HSC on the basis of their Year 9 NAPLAN results.
Why have a minimum standard?
The best indicators of success (employment, higher salaries and good health) rely on a student’s literacy and numeracy skills.
Without targeted intervention and support to reach the standard, some students risk missing out on skills necessary for everyday life. These skills allow students to:
- write a job application
- prepare an invoice
- follow operating instructions in equipment manuals
- compare prices and understand percentages
- understand interest rates and lending offers
- work out quantities and measurements
- manage personal budgets
- understand and write routine workplace instructions
- navigate websites
- take meeting notes and complete official documents.
Currently, the HSC does not directly measure students’ literacy and numeracy skills nor require a minimum standard to be met.
The minimum standard will prompt an early focus on literacy and numeracy, and help students meet progressive milestones. Advanced students will also benefit from an increased focus on literacy and numeracy by developing more sophisticated skills. For example, Western Australia recently introduced a minimum standard, which has helped lift the proportion of students in the top two NAPLAN bands.
Helping students achieve the standard
Schools will have access via Schools Online to information about Years 10-12 students who have or have not met the minimum standard in reading, writing and numeracy. This will help schools boost support for students at risk of not meeting the standard.
Support materials, including NSW Education Standards Authority resources, will emphasise early identification of students in primary and high school at risk of not meeting the standard. Teachers will have access to strategies and materials to help their students meet the standard.
Schools can deliver short courses, topics or additional tutoring in numeracy skills. Some students may continue studying mathematics as the best way to improve their numeracy skills.
The NSW Literacy and Numeracy Strategy is a plan to ensure NSW students have the essential literacy and numeracy skills they need for success in learning and in life.
Literacy and numeracy skills will be described clearly, taught explicitly, assessed meaningfully and reported regularly in all schools across NSW providing early identification and support for students most at risk of not meeting the minimum standard.
Find out more about the NSW Literacy and Numeracy Strategy.
Students who don’t meet the standard
All students should complete high school with a functional level of literacy and numeracy for everyday life and employment.
Students who don’t demonstrate the standard will have five years after beginning their first HSC courses to meet the minimum standard and receive an HSC. They will receive a Record of School Achievement on leaving school.
While maths will not be mandatory for Year 11 and 12, studying Mathematics General 1 is an option for students who need to improve their numeracy skills in order to meet the minimum standard.
Disability provisions will be available for the new tests in line with existing provisions for the HSC.
Some students, including those studying Life Skills courses in English and Mathematics, will be exempt from meeting the minimum standard.
An exemptions policy will be developed in consultation with key stakeholder groups and be released in 2017.