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1.1 What are the principles and practices of good scholarship?

What is meant by good scholarship?

Good scholarship means three things. It means:

Being honest and ethical
You must be honest about what is your own work and what isn't, and about where you got your information.

Listing all your sources
Research using different sources of information is an important part of HSC work. Being an ethical researcher and a good scholar means listing all your sources and correctly citing each source.

Using your own words
Communicate what you have learnt in your own words. This isn't always easy to do but it is very important and really worth the effort.

Remember, you deserve credit for your own work.

Key attributes of good scholarship:

  • Being an effective researcher
  • Applying effective study habits

Being an effective researcher

Effective research is an important part of learning. It is something that we need to do throughout our lives and not just for the HSC. Buying a car, applying for a job, choosing a bank or deciding on a holiday destination are all actions that require research. So it is wise to develop effective habits early.

When we undertake research as part of preparing to write an essay or completing an assignment, or as part of a major research project, it is important to keep on track and stay focused on the main task. Has a teacher ever said to you, 'You wrote a lot of information, but you didn't answer the question!'

Staying on track in your research tasks: some key questions to ask yourself

  1. What does the question ask me to do?
  2. What are the key terms?
  3. What do I think about this?
  4. What information is out there?
  5. Which information is best?
  6. How can I put this in my own words and how can I acknowledge that some of these ideas belong to other people?
  7. Have I answered the question?
  8. Have I acknowledged my sources?

Want to know more about research? How do you research for an assignment?

The Information Process is one way to plan and organise research.

Consider this situation

Tom is given a research task for Geography. The task is to research current views about ways of saving water, including recycling sewage. Use the Information Process to think about the steps Tom should take in getting started on his research. Where would you start if you had this task?

Applying effective study habits

Effective study is an important part of good scholarship. Being well organised, planning ahead and being sure of what is required will help you to avoid rushing your work and not doing your best.

What are some study habits that work for you? It is good to remember the things that help you study well, complete your assignments on time and do your best work.

Here is a list of some things that can really help you do your best work.

  • Keep a diary and make sure you know when your work is due to be handed in.
  • Note the dates and times when you will gather information for research tasks and when you might do a first draft of your work.
  • Be well organised - keep your notes and folders in order and reorganise them regularly (use dividers or coloured paper or properly named digital files to separate each topic).
  • Make sure you understand what is required for each task, project or assignment. If you are not sure, ask your teacher for further explanation.

Consider this situation

You have three weeks to complete a History essay on the 1967 Referendum and its significance.
Where would you start? What information sources would be useful and how would you access them? Draft a timeline that shows, across the three weeks, when you will complete each stage of the essay.

What next

Work through each step in the module:

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